A sexually transmitted disease (STD) is any type of infection that is primarily transmitted through sexual contact. It is also important to note that some STDs can be passed from mother to child during pregnancy or childbirth. STDS are extremely common. In fact, it is estimated that 30 percent of the population will develop at least one STD.
What are some of the causes of sexually transmitted diseases?
Bacteria, parasites and viruses can cause STDs. As the term suggests, bacteria, parasites and viruses are transmitted through sexual contact. However, it is possible for these things to be transmitted without any sexual contact.
What are some of the symptoms of STDS?
The STD symptoms can vary greatly. Some of the most common symptoms include: discharge from the penis or vagina, painful urination, swollen lymph nodes and sores on the genital area. People should also be cognizant of the fact that many STDs, such as HIV and syphilis, may not show any signs or symptoms initially. Many people go years without knowing that they are infected. That is why testing for STDs is so important.
What are some options for STD treatment?
All sexually active people should be tested for STDs at least once a year. Most STDs are relatively easy to treat if they are detected early. The type of treatment that the doctor prescribes depends on the type of STD. Antibiotic medications and antiviral are some of the most commonly prescribed treatments.
What are some things that can be done to prevent STDs?
Abstinence is the only sure-fire way to prevent STDs. The only true “safe sex” is the kind that occurs between lifelong partners who only sleep with each other. However, because abstinence is not a popular choice, sexually active people are strongly encouraged to use a latex condom. Condoms are not 100 percent effective, but they can greatly reduce the risk of most STDs. A condom can also prevent an unwanted pregnancy.
Again, all sexually-active people should be tested at least once a year. It is wise for couples to go to the clinic and get tested together.