Awareness of Hemophilia Symptoms Is Critical
Hemophilia is a rare blood disorder that is often characterized by too much or uncontrollable bleeding. Generally, hemophilia is an inherited condition, but in about 30 percent of people with the disease, there is no family history of it. These people had some sort of spontaneous genetic mutation cause their condition.
There are three different types of hemophilia. They are caused by a deficiency in different clotting factors. The clotting factors are the substances that are normally found in blood. They are specific agents that helps a person to have quicker healing from an injury. Since the clotting factor is missing or insufficient in some individuals, they cannot stop a bleed that has occurred. Three types of hemophilia are known as Types A, B, and C and are caused by a lack of clotting factors VIII, IX, and XI, respectively.
Symptoms of Hemophilia
The number one symptom of hemophilia is bleeding. Depending on how deficient a person is in the clotting factor, will determine how acute the actual bleed problem will be. For example, one who is only mildly deficient may only bleed after surgery or severe trauma while one who is completely deficient may simply bleed spontaneously.
Spontaneous bleeds can occur at any time and may present in a number of different ways. First, one may notice excessive blood that will not stop draining after surgery, dental work, or any other puncture or cut of the skin. Moreover, bleeds can be internal, or under the skin. This will cause bruising that can appear large and/or deep within the skin.
Individuals with hemophilia may also notice that they bleed excessively even after a simple immunization. Unexplained nosebleeds can be another sign that hemophilia is present and clotting factors are not.. It is likely to be excessive and hard to stop the drainage in these circumstances. In addition, one may find bloodiness in the urine or stool. Finally painful joints may be another symptom that some hemophiliacs may endure.
Emergency Symptoms of Hemophilia
There are some symptoms of hemophilia that require emergency care. If any of the symptoms are present, it can be a life threatening event for those with the disease. For instance, sudden pain, swelling, or warmth in large joints such as the knees, hips, and shoulders, among others, is an important sign that there is more going on inside the body that one may realize. Additionally, painful and prolonged headaches can be a serious sign that there is a bigger problem.
Whenever there is any injury to the body, a hemophiliac should seek prompt medical attention to assure that all bleeds can be controlled. In addition, excessive vomiting, extreme tiredness, neck pain, or double vision are all signs that a person should seek the advice of a physician for quick treatments.
Treatments for Hemophilia
Treatment of this disorder may require a number of different approaches, and it may depend on which type of hemophilia a person has. One type responds reasonably well to an injection of a hormone called desmopressin. Another type requires that clotting factor be injected. Repeated infusions may help the patient to heal faster and may be required for severe internal bleeds. In addition, plasma is sometimes infused to help stop bleeds. Maintenance infusions of various forms may be necessary to control spontaneous bleeds. Other medications may be required on a routine basis. Hemophiliacs need to be especially cautious about first aid of injuries. They may use a fibrin wound sealant for some wounds. Ice and pressure bandages may help in other instances.
Hemophilia is a serious disease that cannot be ignored. All symptoms need to be carefully monitored and attended to for the most beneficial outcomes.