Perimenopause is a condition that occurs before a woman goes through menopause. It typically last about four years. However, it may only last a few months. It may also last up to 10 years. During perimenopause, a woman’s estrogen level begins to drop.
Most women begin to experience perimenopause while they are in their 40s. However, it can begin while a woman is in her 30s.
Symptoms of Perimenopause
Some of the symptoms of perimenopause include breast tenderness, decreased sex drive, irregular periods, vaginal dryness, hot flashes, night sweats sleeping problems and urine leakage. It is important to note that even though it is common for a woman to experience irregular periods during perimenopause, irregular periods can be a sign of another condition.
Blood clotting problems, uterine fibroids and birth control pills are some of the things that can cause irregular menstrual bleeding. If you have unusually heavy periods, spotting between periods, periods lasting more than seven days or bleeding in between periods, then it is a good idea to consult with your physician. Your physician can rule out any serious conditions.
There are a number of treatments that can help you deal with the unpleasant symptom perimenopause causes. Systemic estrogen therapy, which is administered in the form of a cream, pill, gel or patch, can help alleviate night sweats and hot flashes. There are risks associated with estrogen therapy, so your doctor will give you the lowest dose possible.
Vaginal estrogen can help alleviate vaginal dryness. It can be administered via tablet, cream or ring. The estrogen will be absorbed by the vaginal tissue. This treatment may also help alleviate discomfort you experience during intercourse.
Certain antidepressants have been shown to be effective for reducing hot flashes. Additionally, antidepressants may be recommended for women who have a mood disorder. Neurotonin is a medication that is used for treating seizures. However, it can also alleviate hot flashes in women. It is often recommended to women who are unable to use estrogen therapy.
Your doctor will discuss the risk and benefits of each treatment option before recommending one. There are also things you can do to manage the unpleasant symptoms of perimenopause. Eating right, exercising and getting the proper rest may help reduce your symptoms.