The birth control pill, otherwise referred to as “oral contraceptive” or “the pill,” is a prescribed supplement ingested on a daily basis to inhibit pregnancy. Oral contraceptives are comprised of two types of chemicals, or hormones, progestin and estrogen. These hormones influence the way different parts of the body work. When taken daily, the pill interferes with the reproduction process by preventing the ovaries from releasing eggs. The pill causes the cervix to produce a heavier amount of mucus. It also influences how thick the mucous becomes while thinning the lining of the uterus. This prevents the sperm from fertilizing an egg.
Contrary to popular belief, many women take birth control pills for reasons other than pregnancy prevention. There advantages of taking birth control pills are endless. Other than the prevention of pregnancy, consumers experience “positive side effects” or benefits such as a decrease in frequency of or a complete halt in menstruation. Women have also reported to stronger bones, less acne, an alleviation of menstrual cramps, and regular fertilization after termination of use. Furthermore, studies have revealed evidence of oral contraceptives reducing the risk of some cancers known to compromise the reproductive organs.
Overall, birth control pills are safe and – for the most part – effective methods for preventing pregnancy, however, there are risks most people don’t consider when going on the pill. Taking oral contraception correctly does not rule out the chance of impregnation entirely. Only when the pills are taken daily at the same time every time will there actually be a decrease in the risk of pregnancy. Additionally, the risk of pregnancy is even greater for women who take the pill while on certain – but not all – types of supplements or medication. Every year, roughly fifteen percent of the women on birth control pills become pregnant.
Birth control pills do not prevent sexually transmitted diseases or sexually transmitted infections. The only way to have access to them is through prescription by a specified healthcare provider, thus, it is that much more important to remain cognizant of when it is time to refill and schedule appointments for continued use. It is also important to note that birth control pills should continue to be taken even in the absence of sex. Consumers should only discontinue use when advised by the primary physician. These are all factors of continued proper use and keeping pregnancy risk levels ultimately low.
Birth control pills can be secured from pharmacies, healthcare centers, and family planning centers.