Diagnosing and Treating Infertility
Men and women can have fertility problems. Every year, millions of couples seek fertility treatments. If a couple has been trying to conceive for longer than a year, the doctor may prescribe fertility medications. The man could have a low sperm count, and the woman might not ovulate every month.
- Some women have irregular monthly periods, and an irregular period is the first sign of infertility. The woman could have PCOS. Being overweight or underweight can also cause infertility. Underweight women might not consume enough vitamins and minerals, and an overweight woman may have a hormonal imbalance.
- An infertile man may have undescended testicles or a low sperm count. Obesity can also affect a man’s fertility.
- When a couple seeks medical treatment, the doctor will eliminate the obvious causes of infertility. The couple should eat a healthy diet and avoid tobacco. Alcohol should be consumed in moderation.
- A woman can keep a record of her basal body temperature. Her temperature will increase when she is ovulating. After ovulation, her basal body temperature will decrease at a rapid rate.
- Menstrual charting can also be used to track fertility. If a woman has a normal menstrual cycle, she can track her fertile days. Most women ovulate 14 days before their period.
- A woman can also track her fertility with ovulation kits. An ovulation kit can detect the luteinizing hormone in a woman’s urine.
- If the woman has irregular monthly periods, her doctor may recommend medications or surgery. Fertility medications can help a woman produce more eggs.
- The doctor may prescribe fertility medications before he schedules a surgical infertility treatment. Clomiphene and Gonadotropins are fertility medications. These medications are usually prescribed to women who have been dealing with infertility for at least six months.
- Laparoscopy and laparotomy are surgeries that can correct fertility issues. When a doctor performs these surgical procedures, he can search for scar tissue and other abnormalities.
- Many couples use IVF. A physician combines an egg and sperm, and he inserts the embryo into the woman. For women under the age of 35, the IVF success rate is 43 percent. When a woman reaches 40, her chances of having a successful IVF pregnancy is 18 percent.
- ICSI is a male fertility treatment. Immature sperm cells are collected from the testicles. When the sperm cells are collected from a healthy male, the ICSI procedure has an 85 percent success rate.
- Some couples use donor sperm. A couple can purchase donor sperm from a sperm bank. The sperm donor will not have any parental rights.
Before a doctor prescribes fertility treatments, he will make sure that his patients have a thorough understanding of the different causes of infertility.